Friday, December 20, 2013

La jaula atávica. Derecho y Literatura: sobre atavismo delincuencial directo de la degeneración



Greta Olson
Criminals as Animals from Shakespeare to Lombroso
Walter de Gruyter (Law & Literature; 8), Berlin/Boston, 2013, xii, 354 pp., 19 Fig (b&w ill.)
ISBN: 9783110339772



Criminals as Animals from Shakespeare to Lombroso demonstrates how animal metaphors have been used to denigrate persons identified as criminal in literature, law, and science. Its three-part history traces the popularization of the 'criminal beast' metaphor in late sixteenth-century England, the troubling of the trope during the long eighteenth century, and the late nineteenth-century discovery of criminal atavism. With chapters on rogue pamphlets, Shakespeare, Webster, Jonson, Defoe and Swift, Godwin, Dickens, and Lombroso, the book illustrates how ideologically inscribed metaphors foster transfers between law, penal practices, and literature. Criminals as Animals concludes that criminal-animal metaphors continue to negatively influence the treatment of prisoners, suspected terrorists, and the poor even


Contents

Acknowledgements
List of Illustrations
List of Abbreviations

1 Introduction: Tracing the History of the Criminal-Animal Metaphor

Part I: Creating ‘Criminal Beasts’ in Early Modern Literature and Law
2 Catching Conies with Thomas Harman,
Robert Greene, and Thomas Dekker
3 Richard III’s Animalistic Criminal Body
4 Of a Howling Murderer – The Duke of Malfi
5 Ben Jonson’s Comedies of Gulling Rogues

Part II: Humanizing Animals and ‘Animalizing’ the Lower Orders
during the Long Eighteenth Century
Introduction to Part II: Eighteenth-Century Changes
in the Criminal-Animal Trope
6 Colonialism and the ‘Criminal Beast’
in Robinson Crusoe and Gulliver’s Travels
7 William Hogarth’s The Four Stages of Cruelty – Sympathizing
with Animals and Denigrating the Lower Orders as Beasts
8 The Prisoner as Suffering Animal – Caleb Williams’s Revision
of the Criminal-Animal Metaphor

Part III: Reinstating the ‘Criminal Beast’ during the Nineteenth Century
Introduction to Part III: The Nineteenth Century’s Delineation
of the Criminal Class
9 Charles Dickens’s Contradictions
10 The Criminal-Animal Metaphor and Lombrosian Criminology
11 Coda
Bibliography
Index


Greta Olson, University of Giessen, Germany.

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