Friday, June 28, 2013

Mujeres y profesión jurídica. Rebeldes con causa, y final dedicatoria a las alumnas de Filosofía del Derecho, de Vº curso de la Licenciatura. Facultad de Derecho. UMA.



Jill Norgren
Rebels at the bar : the fascinating, forgotten stories of America's first women lawyers
New York University Press, New York, 2013, xviii, 268 pp. ill.
ISBN 978-0-8147-5862-5

In Rebels at the Bar, prize-winning legal historian Jill Norgren recounts the life stories of a small group of nineteenth century women who were among the first female attorneys in the United States. Beginning in the late 1860s, these determined rebels pursued the radical ambition of entering the then all-male profession of law. They were motivated by a love of learning. They believed in fair play and equal opportunity. They desired recognition as professionals and the ability to earn a good living. Through a biographical approach, Norgen presents the common struggles of eight women first to train and to qualify as attorneys, then to practice their hard-won professional privilege. Their story is one of nerve, frustration, and courage. This first generation practiced civil and criminal law, solo and in partnership. The women wrote extensively and lobbied on the major issues of the day, but the professional opportunities open to them had limits. They never had the opportunity to wear the black robes of a judge. They were refused entry into the lucrative practices of corporate and railroad law. Although male lawyers filled legislatures and the Foreign Service, presidents refused to appoint these early women lawyers to diplomatic offices and the public refused to elect them to legislatures.
Rebels at the Bar expands our understanding of both women's rights and the history of the legal profession in the nineteenth century. It focuses on the female renegades who trained in law and then, like men, fought considerable odds to create successful professional lives. In this engaging and beautifully written book, Norgren shares her subjects' faith in the art of the possible. In so doing, she ensures their place in history.
Contents

The women's war
White knights and legal knaves
Myra Bradwell: the Supreme Court says no
Lavinia Goodell: "A sweeping revolution of social order"
Belva A. Lockwood: the first woman member of the U.S. Supreme Court bar
Clara Foltz's story: breaking barriers in the west
Not everyone is bold: Mary Hall and Catharine Waugh McCulloch in conversation
Lelia Robinson and Mary Greene: two women from Boston University School of Law
Law as a woman's enterprise
Epilogue


Jill Norgren is Professor Emerita of Political Science at John Jay College, and the Graduate Center of The City University of New York. She is the award winning author of many articles and books, including Belva Lockwood: The Woman Who Would Be President (NYU Press, 2007); The Cherokee Cases; and American Cultural Pluralism and Law (with Serena Nanda).
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Dedico esta segunda y última entrada a las alumnas que integrantes de los grupos A y B han cursado en este Año Académico 2012-2013 la asignatura de Filosofía del Derecho en estos días egresan de sus estudios de la Licenciatura en Derecho en la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Málaga. Hice lo propio, en capítulo de bienvenida, para aquellas que ingresaron al curso 2011-2012, con post que entonces titulé ‘Mujeres y profesiones jurídicas/ Donne e Professioni Legali/ Women and Legal Profesión’. Wednesday, September 07, 2011. (http://iurisdictio-lexmalacitana.blogspot.com.es/2011/09/mujeres-y-profesiones-juridicas-donne-e.html).
Muchas de aquéllas son ya abogadas, o realizan prácticas como inmediatas fiscales y jueces. Las habrá notarias, y también registradoras. Otras eligieron la procura procesal, la gestión o la mediación Algunas han continuado la carrera académica para integrar los claustros docentes de esta Universidad o de otra, en España o en el exterior.
Esos mismos caminos recorrerán buena parte de las que ahora se licencian, luego de probada capacidad y mérito.
Ya hace tiempo que la profesión jurídica no se entiende sin el fundamental aporte de las mujeres. Pero no es vano el recordatorio de los esfuerzos y sacrificios que desde las generaciones precedentes otras mujeres llevaron a cabo para que el hoy no continuara en tiempo de futuro siempre demorado. Los esfuerzos y sacrificios tampoco terminan aquí, ciertamente. Yo deseo que ninguna se someta a renunciaciones involuntarias.
Ha sido una satisfacción haber podido contribuir a su formación jurídica, y a la más amplia intelectual universitaria que me fue posible brindarles. Desde esta modesta ventana quiero decir a todos quienes lean esta entrada que lo espero todo de mis alumnos, y de modo especial de todas mis alumnas. Sé bien de lo que hablo.

J.C.G.

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