Marginal Subjects: Gender and Deviande in fin-de-siècle Spain
University of Toronto Press (Romance Series). Toronto, 2011, 256 pp. ISBN 9781442642942
Description Late nineteenth-century Spanish fiction is populated by adulteresses, prostitutes, seduced women, and emasculated men - indicating an almost obsessive interest in gender deviance. In Marginal Subjects, Akiko Tsuchiya shows how the figure of the deviant woman—and her counterpart, the feminized man - revealed the ambivalence of literary writers towards new methods of social control in Restoration Spain. Focusing on works by major realist authors such as Benito Pérez Galdós, Emilia Pardo Bazán, and Leopoldo Alas (Clarín), as well as popular novelists like Eduardo López Bago, Marginal Subjects argues that these archetypes were used to channel collective anxieties about sexuality, class, race, and nation. Tsuchiya also draws on medical and anthropological texts and illustrated periodicals to locate literary works within larger cultural debates. Marginal Subjects is a riveting exploration of why realist and naturalist narratives were so invested in representing gender deviance in fin-de-siècle Spain.
Introduction: Discourses on Deviance in Nineteenth-Century Spain 1. The Deviant Female Body Under Surveillance: Galdós´s La desheredada 2. “Las Micaelas por fuera y por dentro”: Discipline and Resistance in Fortunata y Jacinta 3. Consuming Subjects: Female Reading and Deviant Sexuality in Late Nineteenth-Century Spain 4. Gender Trouble and the Crisis of Masculinity in the fin-de-siglo: Clarín’s Su único hijo and Pardo Bazán’s Memorias de un solterón 5. Gender, Orientalism, and the Performance of National Identity in Pardo Bazán’s Insolación 6. Taming the Prostitute’s Body: Desire, Knowledge, and the Naturalist Gaze in López Bago’s La prostituta series 7. Female Subjectivity and Agency in Matilde Cherner’s María Magdalena. Conclusion
Akiko Tsuchiya is an associate professor in the Department of Romance Languages and Literatures at Washington University. Professor Tsuchiya's recent courses in the Romance Languages department include: "Peninsular Literature II," "Nineteenth-Century Novel," "Discourses on Gender in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Spain," and "Topics in 19th-Century Spanish Cultural Studies: Deviance and Social Control in Nineteenth-Century Spain." Each spring semester, she also teaches "Feminist Literary and Cultural Theory," a cross-disciplinary course in Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies