Tuesday, March 23, 2010

DERECHO Y CINE PARA JÓVENES LECTORES


Me habría parecido un esfuerzo editorial innecesario, y acaso una novedad que muy bien podría pasar del todo desapercibida, si sólo hubiera tratado de registrar la publicación de un título como The Right to Counsel: From Gideon v. Wainwright to "Gideon’s Trumpet", de Lisa A.Wroble. El éxito obtenido por Anthony Lewis con su Gideon’s Trumpet (1964), auténtico betseller durante más de 30 años con por encima de los 800.000 ejemplares vendidos, arruinaría cualquier posible oportunidad de primicia en el tratamiento del tema. La fortuna cinematográfica –cómo olvidar la interpretación de Henry Fonda, con guión de David W Rintels–, e incluso televisiva, del trabajo de investigación jurídica de Lewis acerca del derecho de asistencia letrada, representa aún hoy el más claro ejemplo de una inteligente simbiosis que entre Derecho y Cine. En la lectura de la obra de Lewis y de su extraordinaria difusión a través de la gran y pequeña pantalla han aprovechado más de tres generaciones de estudiantes de Derecho en numerosas Universidades norteamericanas.

Anthony Lewis,

Gideon´s Trumpet,

Randon House, New York, 1989, 288 pp.

ISBN-13: 978-0679723127

Synopsis

Gideon's Trumpet was an assigment for a government class this semester. At first I was skeptical about reading the book because I already had studied the case and knew the facts and findings of the case. I am so glad that I did read the book.
Here's the facts as it happened in the case. Clarence Earl Gideon was arrested for misdeameanor charges. Gideon had a criminal record that included four felony charges, but all charges were for theft of some sort, never a violent crime. Gideon asked for an attorney to be appointed to him for the misdeamenor charges at trial, but was refused an attorney because he did not fit the "special circumstances" rule nor was he deserving of an attorney due to the fact that Gideon was on trial for a capital case. Special circumstances covered such reasons for needing an attorney as mental illness, illiteracy, or being a juvenile. Mr. Gideon did not make a claim to any of the above reasons, so he was denied an attorney.

Due to the denial of an attorney, Mr. Gideon was forced to represent himself at trial. For these misdeamenor charges Gideon was sentenced to serve five years, this sentence was more appropriate for a felony charge. While a prisoner in the Florida State Prison System, Gideon took the law into his own hands so to speak and filed his writ of certoiri to ask the court to hear his claim about being denied his due process rights because he was denied an attorney at trial.
The writ that was sent to the State Supreme Court was denied, then Gideon petitioned the Federal Supreme Court. He writ was allowed and he was given an attorney and retried. His attorney for retrial was Abe Fortas, who was later appointed to Supreme Court Justice.
Mr. Gideon was found innocent of the charges and set free, but what Gideon's petition to the Supreme Court did establish is that every person convicted of a crime would be granted an attorney, even he could not afford one.

The book is a great book in that instead of just babbling on about how writs are handled by the Supreme Court, the author Anthony Lewis takes the book step by step with the Gideon case, making it less tedious to read and more understandable.

Estoy sin embargo completamente persuadido de que la referencia a la obra de Lisa A. Wroble no es banal. La traigo aquí como parte de la serie que desde mediados de 2009 viene editando Enslow Publishers, y que al presente reúne siete títulos dedicados a importantes casos de la Corte Suprema que han obtenido traducción cinematográfica. Es la colección que los editores han denominado Famous Court cases that became movies. Y todavía más, porque ésta se ha diseñado como especialmente dirigida a jóvenes lectores. Se trata, en efecto, de literatura juvenil. Un segmento de mercado casi siempre desatendido y para el que raramente abundan ofertas tan serias como la que en esta colección está desarrollando. Pocos apuestan hoy por los jóvenes como lectores, y menos todavía desde un diseño de divulgación jurídica de calidad.

Ésta sí, creo, es una auténtica primicia.

Nuestra felicitación y bienvenida



Lisa A. WROBLE,

The Right to Counsel: From Gideon v. Wainwright to "Gideon’s Trumpet"

Enslow Publishers, Berkeley Heights, NJ, 2009, 112 pp.

ISBN 978-0-7660-3057-2.

Synopsis

In 1961, an unemployed drifter named Clarence Earl Gideon was arrested in Florida and charged with burglarizing a pool hall. In court, Gideon asked for a lawyer, since he could not afford one, but he was turned down. Gideon was found guilty and sentenced to five years in prison. Believing the U.S. Constitution was on his side, Gideon took his case all the way to the Supreme Court. Lisa A. Wroble explores the case, its impact on the U.S. legal system, and the movie made about it GIDEON'S TRUMPET, starring Henry Fonda.

Table of Contents

1 Confronting the Court 7

2 Alone and on Trial 16

3 A Gambler Tries to Beat the Odds 24

4 Before the Highest Court 37

5 Not Over Yet: Gideon's New Trial 52

6 Watching History Unfold 66

7 The Promise of Gideon 81

Chapter Notes 90

Glossary 97

Further Reading 100

Internet Addresses 101

Index 102



Edward WILLETT,

The Bounty mutiny : from the court case to the movie

Enslow Publishers, Berkeley Heights, NJ, 2009, 128 pp.

ISBN: 9780766031289

Synopsis

The Bounty was a British ship visiting Tahiti in 1789 when some of the crew overthrew the captain, William Bligh, and set him adrift in a tiny boat with sailors loyal to him. The mutiny resulted in a number of trials–both of the men who mutinied and of Bligh for losing command of his ship. These fascinating events have been the source for numerous Hollywood movies, most recently The Bounty. The Bounty Mutiny: From the Court Case to the Movie explores the famous case and the movies it inspired.

Table of Contents

Introduction 7

1 The Voyage of the Bounty 9

2 Tahiti 31

3 The Mutiny 40

4 Bligh's Voyage and Christian's Troubles 53

5 Arrests and Trial 65

6 The Testimony 78

7 The Verdict and What Came After 86

8 The Movies 105

Chapter Notes 114

Glossary 121

Further Reading 124

Internet Addresses 125

Index 126



Melissa Eisen AZARIAN,
The Amistad Mutiny: From the Court Case to the Movie.

Enslow Publishers, Berkeley Heights, NJ, 2009, 128 pp.

ISBN 978-0-7660-3054-1


Synopsis

In 1839, a group of enslaved Africans bound for Cuba mutinied on their ship, the Amistad. They attempted to sail back to Africa, but ended up in the waters off New York, where they were recaptured and put on trial. Author Melissa Eisen Azarian explores the history behind the case, the trial, and the movie, Amistad, based on their fight for freedom. Illustrated with paintings from the period and stills from the movie.

Table of Contents

1 Cinque's Story 5

2 The Mutiny 20

3 Abolitionists Unite 32

4 The Legal Fight for Freedom 45

5 The Final Legal Battle 69

6 Amistad: The Movie 85

7 The Amistad Aftermath 102

Chapter Notes 111

Glossary 122

Further Reading and Internet Addresses 124

Acknowledgments 125

Index 126



Wim & Pat Perrin COLEMAN,

Racism on Trial: From the Medgar Evers Murder Case to "Ghosts of Mississippi"

Enslow Publishers, Berkeley Heights, NJ, 2009, 128 pp.

ISBN 978-0-7660-3059-6.


Synopsis

After Medgar Evers, a civil rights worker, was shot in Jackson, Mississippi, in 1963, a local white supremacist named Byron De La Beckwith was arrested for the crime. Two court cases ended in mistrials. But due to the efforts of Everss widow Myrlie and District Attorney Bobby DeLaughter, Beckwith was finally brought to justice more than thirty years after the murder. Wim Coleman and Pat Perrin describe the history of the crime, the legal concepts involved, and the movie made about the events, GHOSTS OF MISSISSIPPI.

Table of Contents

1 The Surprise Witness, 7

2 Assassination, 16

3 Hung Juries, 31

4 His Own Words, 46

5 Is It Ever Too Late?, 61

6 Ghosts of Mississippi, 72

7 Too Many Martyrs, 87

Chapter Notes, 107

Further Reading and Internet Addresses, 109

INDEX



Maurene J. HINDS,

Witchcraft on Trial: From the Salem Witch Hunts to "The Crucible"

Enslow Publishers, Berkeley Heights, NJ, 2009, 104 pp.

ISBN 978-0-7660-3055-8.


Synopsis

Witches in Massachusetts? What happened in Salem - and why?

In 1692, in Salem, Massachusetts, a group of girls accused several people of the town of being witches. A series of trials ensued, leading to guilty verdicts and executions of twenty villagers. The events have fascinated people for three centuries, leading to debate, speculation, and historical investigation. In The Crucible, famed playwright Arthur Miller wrote about that time, using the events in Salem to comment on the anti-Communist fervor of 1950s America. In Witchcraft on Trial: From the Salem Witch Hunts to The Crucible, author Maurene J. Hinds compares the historical events with the movie made from the play to help readers understand what happened and why.

Table of Contents

1 The Crime of Witchcraft, 1

2 The Path to Court: Legal Issues and Events, 25

3 On What Grounds? Evidence and Testimony in Court, 40

4 The Aftermanth, 67

5 The Crucible: Highlights and History, 75

6 Does History Repeat Itself?, 88

Chapter Notes. 94

Glossary, 100

Further Reading and Internet Addresses, 101

INDEX



Kathiann M. KOWALSKI,

Evolution on Trial: From the Scopes “Monkey” Case to Inherit the Wind

Enslow Publishers, Berkeley Heights, NJ, 2009, 112 pp.

ISBN 978-0-7660-3056-5

Synopsis

In July 1925, a historic trial took place in Dayton, Tennessee, when John Scopes, a high school teacher, was charged with teaching the theory of evolution to his biology class in defiance of state law. Almost a hundred years later, the issue of evolution and education is still being debated. Author Kathiann M. Kowalski explores the case and looks at the famous film made about it, INHERIT THE WIND.

Table of Contents

1 On the Seventh Day 5

2 In the Beginning 13

3 A Road Paved with Good Intentions 29

4 Brought to Trial 42

5 The Consequences 60

6 Inherit the Wind 69

7 Judgment 82

Chapter Notes 96

Glossary 106

Further Reading 108

Internet Addresses 109

Index 110



William NOBLE,

Presidential Power on Trial: From Watergate to All the President’s Men

Enslow Publishers, Berkeley Heights, NJ, 2009, 128 pp.

ISBN 978-0-7660-3058-9.

Synopsis

The Watergate burglary in 1972, in which men linked to the White House broke into the headquarters of the Democratic Party, led to the downfall of President Richard Nixon. Author William Noble tells this fascinating and dramatic story, explaining the complex political and legal points, and contrasts real events with ALL THE PRESIDENTS MEN, the popular movie made about the break-in and investigation.

Table of Contents

1 The Letter 5

2 The Crime 12

3 The Path to Court 29

4 The Trial 48

5 The Verdict and Its Consequences 59

6 The Movie: All the President's Men 88

7 The Impact and Historical Significance of the Watergate Case 103

Appendix: Who's Who in the Watergate Case 112

Chapter Notes 116

Glossary 122

Further Reading and Internet Addresses 125

Index 126

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